Which & That

which, thatは人間、動物、物を表す代名詞です。

その文章の意味に対して重要(不可欠)である節にthatを使います。コンマは使えませ
ん。


正: “The day that I met Buffy changed my life,” said Luke. (essential clause)

誤: “The day, that I met Buffy, changed my life,” said Luke.

何故か。この文章は日常よくあることではないからです。LukeがBuffyに会った日なので
す。”that I met Buffy” という言葉が、この文章では重要な意味を持っています。コン
マは使えません。

文章の意味がをあまり重要ではない時はwhich を使います。which節にはコンマを含みま
す。

正: The magazine George, which spoofs politics, is widely read. (nonessential
clause)

誤: The magazine George which spoofs politics is widely read.

何故か。”which spoofs politics” はこの文章の中ではそれ程重要な意味ではありませ
ん。コンマを使うことで、which節を目立たせます。

thatは 指摘したり説明する時に使う指示詞です。 “that field,” “that dog.”など

Which は尋ねたり質問する疑問詞です。 “which comb?” “which alley?”など

–from Nitty Gritty Grammar page 29 by Edith H. Fine and Judith P. Josephson
Ten Speed Press, 1998

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Author: kintaro63

Writer and teacher in Japan

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